Abstract

Background -  Since 2012, in line with the World Health Organization (WHO) resolution WHA63.12 of 05/21/2010, the Italian National Blood Center has been promoting patient blood management (PBM). In order to verify the level of PBM implementation nationwide, we submitted a survey to all healthcare providers.

Material and methods - In line with what was proposed in the international scientific literature in the field, a series of indicators were used derived from the four main blocks related to PBM strategies: the management of patient anemia; the optimization of hemostasis; blood conservation strategies; patient-centred decision-making. We also added two blocks containing important information on general PBM management and other PBM-related aspects.

Results - The survey showed good implementation of anemia screening programs in accordance with the timelines established by national and international guidelines, and the single unit policy is used in line with national guideline recommendations. However, the survey also revealed limited auditing of PBM programs and reduced monitoring and reporting of clinical outcomes and indicators.

Discussion - The first national survey on the level of PBM implementation in Italy shows widespread adoption of diagnostic-therapeutic care pathways aimed at the diagnosis and treatment of anemia in the perioperative setting.

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Authors

Vanessa Agostini - Transfusion Medicine Department, IRCCS-Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy

Francesca Masiello - National Blood Centre, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy

Stefania Vaglio - Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy

Eva Veropalumbo - Department of Laboratory and Transfusion Medicine, Misericordia Hospital, Azienda Usl Toscana Sudest, Grosseto, Italy

Ursula La Rocca - National Blood Centre, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy

Simonetta Pupella - National Blood Centre, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy

Vincenzo De Angelis - National Blood Centre, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy

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