The 2022 Guidelines on cardiovascular assessment and management of patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery of the European Society of Cardiology are an update on the previous guidelines reported in 2014. The revised guidelines provide standardized perioperative cardiovascular management of surgical patients and emphasis on risk assessment of the patient combined with the inherent risk of the surgical procedure. One of the novelties in these guidelines is the Patient Blood Management programme, which is based on a three pillar concept: preoperative hemoglobin optimization, minimize iatrogenic blood loss and bleeding, and harness tolerance to anemia in an effort to improve patient outcome. In this review, we highlight the three pillars of Patient Blood Management and recommendations made by the 2022 ESC Guidelines on cardiovascular assessment and management of patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery.
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