Background - Light transmission aggregometry (LTA) is the most widely used laboratory method for an initial screening of patients with a suspected platelet function defect (PFD), and its use has also been proposed for assessing the efficacy of antiplatelet treatment (APT). An automated LTA method has been developed by Sysmex (Kobe, Japan) on a routine coagulation analyzer (CS-2400), together with a new research parameter called PAL (platelet aggregation level) to evaluate patients on APT.
Materials and methods - We evaluated the performance of CS-2400 compared to a stand-alone lumi-dual-aggregometer device in the diagnosis of PFD and in assessing the efficacy of APT. For these purposes, the study population was represented by a cohort of 23 patients with a previous diagnosis of PFD and a cohort of 28 patients on APT.
Results - Compared to healthy volunteers, patients with PFD showed a statistically significant reduction (p<0.05) in the maximal %light transmission, irrespective of the agonist used, both with the CS-2400 and the lumi-dual-aggregometer. As regards PFD patients, CS-2400 was effective in identifying the more severe defects, with a good sensibility and specificity, but less effective in identifying milder forms of PFD, such as platelet secretion defects. Patients on APT showed a statistically significant (p=0.001) reduced median %light transmission and PAL scores compared to healthy controls.
Discussion - Thanks to this LTA technology, CS-2400, a routine coagulation analyzer widely available in routine laboratories, could prove useful for initial assessment of patients with a suspected PFD. Moreover, the PAL scores were a fairly accurate reflection of the platelet response to APT.
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