Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a low prevalence disease characterized by severe deficiency of the enzyme ADAMTS13, leading to the development of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) and often resulting in severe organ disfunction. TTP is an extremely serious condition and, therefore, timely and appropriate treatment is critical to prevent life-threatening complications.
Over the past 25 years, significant advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of immune TTP have led to the development of readily available techniques for measuring ADAMTS13 levels, as well as new drugs that are particularly effective in the acute phase and in preventing relapses. These developments have improved the course of the disease.
Given the complexity of the disease and its various clinical and laboratory manifestations, early diagnosis and treatment can be challenging.
To address this challenge, a group of experienced professionals from the Catalan TTP group have developed this consensus statement to standardize terminology, diagnosis, treatment and follow up for immune TTP, based on currently available scientific evidence in the field. This guidance document aims to provide healthcare professionals with a comprehensive tool to make more accurate and timely diagnosis of TTP and improve patient outcomes.