Background - Congenital factor XIII (FXIII) deficiency is a rare coagulation disorder characterized by muscular or mucocutaneous bleeding with life-threatening intracranial hemorrhages (ICHs), especially in cases with severe disease. The best treatment is the use of prophylactic plasma-derived or recombinant FXIII (rFXIII). Few data on the use of rFXIII in the real-world scenario are available. The main goal of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of catridecacog (NovoThirteen®) in a population of patients with FXIII deficiency. Other objectives were to compare the different pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles of each patient and to use them to create a tailored prophylaxis regimen.
Materials and methods - We collected and analyzed all pharmacokinetic and clinical data in our registry of the patients with congenital FXIII deficiency treated with rFXIII at eleven Italian hemophilia centers. Data were collected from January 2019 to December 2020.
Results - Overall, data on 20 patients with FXIII deficiency were collected, 16 of whom presented with severe disease. Pharmacokinetics was assessed in 18 cases before starting prophylaxis. Prophylaxis was subsequently started in these patients using a wide range of dosages (25.0-80.0 IU/kg; mean 33.8 IU/kg) and infusion intervals (3.0-8.0 weeks). During a mean follow up of 47 months, two minor bleeds and one ICH in a severe patient who had remained under on-demand treatment were reported.
Discussion - Efficacy and safety of rFXIII were proven in all patients. The dosage and infusion timing for the treated patients sometimes differed to those reported in the MENTOR pivotal studies, thus underlying the importance of tailored management in a real-world scenario.
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