Background - The para-Bombay phenotype is a rare red blood cell phenotype characterised by the lack of ABH antigens on red blood cells, but ABH substances can be found in saliva. The aim of this research was to study the mechanism of mutation of FUT1 and FUT2 genes and the pedigree of a family with the para-Bombay phenotype.
Material and methods - The blood group was detected by a conventional serological method, H antigen adsorption-elution test, and testing saliva for A, B, and H antigens. We amplified and sequenced the ABO, FUT1, and FUT2 genes of the proband and her family using a polymerase chain reaction method, and performed TA cloning and sequencing on the amplified products of the FUT1
gene to determine its genotype.
Results - With the conventional serological method, it was found that the red blood cell phenotype of the proband and her sister lacked H antigen, while the adsorption-elution test of H antigen could detect weak H antigen. Through FUT1 cloning and sequencing, it was found that the proband had a compound heterozygous mutation of c.649G>T and c.768delC, and the genotype was FUT1*01W.24/FUT1*01N.20; the proband’s father and mother had heterozygous mutations of c.768delC and c.649G>T, and their genotypes were FUT1*01N.20/FUT1*01 and FUT1*01W.24/FUT1*01. The sister's FUT1 mutation site and genotype were the same as the those of the proband. FUT2 gene sequencing revealed that the proband and sister had a synonymous mutation of c.357C>T, while their parents both had a synonymous mutation of c.357C>T and a missense mutation of c.385A>T. The Lewis blood types of the
four samples all showed Le (a-b+), all of which were secretory.
Conclusion - Blood group serology and molecular diagnostic techniques showed that the compound heterozygous mutations of the proband and her sister were inherited from their father and mother.
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