Original article

Blood Transfusion - 2 2019 (March-April)

Intravenous immunoglobulin replacement treatment reduces in vivo elastase secretion in patients with common variable immune disorders

Authors

Key words: common variable immune disorders, interleukin-8, intravenous immunoglobulins, polymorphonuclear neutrophils, neutrophil elastase
Publication Date: 2018-07-17

Abstract

Background. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) treatment partially replaces antibody defects and modulates innate and adaptive immune cells in patients with primary antibody deficiencies.
Materials and methods. This study was focused on the evaluation of the effects of in vivo IVIg administration on neutrophils from patients with common variable immune disorders (CVID). We examined polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) phagocytosis, PMN oxidative burst, release of neutrophil elastase, serum level of interleukin-8 and PMN expression of CXCR1, CD11c and CD66b.
Results. CVID patients on chronic IVIg treatment had reduced elastase release, but normal expression of CXCR1, CD66b and CD11c receptors on PMN, normal phagocytic ability and normal secretion of interleukin-8. We found that IVIg infusions rapidly reduced the serum level of interleukin-8, the expression of its receptor, CXCR1, and the release of neutrophil elastase, suggesting that IVIg exert a dampening effect on neutrophil activity. In contrast, IVIg infusions did not alter neutrophil phagocytosis or the expression of the other receptors analysed.
Discussion. These findings add further information regarding the anti-inflammatory role of immunoglobulins and suggest additional benefits in keeping with recent attempts to use new therapies targeting neutrophil inflammation.

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Authors

Alessandro Prezzo - Department of Molecular Medicine

Filomena M. Cavaliere - Department of Molecular Medicine

Cinzia Milito - Department of Molecular Medicine

Caterina Bilotta - Department of Molecular Medicine

Metello Iacobini - Department of Paediatrics, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Isabella Quinti - Department of Molecular Medicine

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