Abstract

Background. In Italy, the National Register of Congenital Coagulopathies (NRCC) collects epidemiological and therapeutic data from patients affected by haemophilia A (HA), haemophilia B (HB), von Willebrand's disease (vWD) and other rare coagulation disorders. Here we present data from the 2016 annual survey.
Materials and Methods. Data are provided by the Italian Haemophilia Centres, on a voluntary basis. Information flows from every Centre to a web-based platform of the Italian Association of Haemophilia Centres, shared with the Italian National Institute of Health, in accordance with current privacy laws. Patients are classified by diagnosis, disease severity, age, gender and treatment-related complications.
Results. In 2016, the total number of patients with congenital coagulopathies in the NRCC was 10,360: 39.8% of these patients had HA, 31.5% had vWD, 8.5% had HB, and 20.2% had less common factor deficiencies. The overall prevalence of HA and HB was 13.9/100,000 males and 3.0/100,000 males, respectively. The overall prevalence of vWD was 5.4/100,000 inhabitants. During 2016, 126 patients had current alloantibodies to factor VIII (FVIII) or factor IX (FIX) and were under treatment with bypassing agents and/or immune tolerance induction. Overall, 388 patients with a history of alloantibodies were recorded in the NRCC of whom 337 with severe HA and 12 with severe HB. Coagulation factor use, evaluated from treatment plans, was approximately 451,000,000 IU of FVIII for HA patients (7.5 IU/inhabitant), and approximately 53,000,000 IU of FIX for HB patients (0.9 IU/inhabitant).
Discussion. The prevalences of HA and HB fall within the ranges reported in more developed countries; the consumption of FVIII and FIX was in line with that of other European countries (France, United Kingdom) and Canada. The NRCC, with its bleeding disorder dataset, is a helpful tool for shaping public health policies, as well as planning clinical and epidemiological research projects.

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Authors

Francesca Abbonizio - Department of Oncology and Molecular Medicine, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome

Hamisa J. Hassan - Department of Oncology and Molecular Medicine, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome

Roberta Riccioni - Department of Oncology and Molecular Medicine, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome

Elena Santagostino - IRCCS Ca' Granda Foundation, Maggiore Hospital, Milan on behalf of the Italian Association of Haemophilia Centres (see Appendix)

Romano Arcieri - Grant Office and Technology Transfer, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy

Adele Giampaolo - Department of Oncology and Molecular Medicine, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome

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