Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) represents a common cause of visual impairment and blindness. RVO may be associated with both local (e.g., hyperopia, glaucoma) and systemic (e.g., hypertension, diabetes, smoking, obesity, and dyslipidaemia) risk factors. The association with thrombophilia remains controversial. Data on the use of antithrombotic therapy for RVO are poor and inconsistent with most of the information being derived from observational studies. Here we provide a position statement from the Italian Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (SISET) to guide the clinical and therapeutic management of patients with RVO based on the available evidence and expert opinion.
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