Blood Transfusion - 1 2022 (January-February)
Promoting physical activity in people with haemophilia: the MEMO (Movement for persons with haEMOphilia) expert consensus project
Authors:  Chiara Biasoli, Erminia Baldacci, Antonio Coppola, Raimondo De Cristofaro, Matteo N.D. Di Minno, Giuseppe Lassandro, Silvia Linari, Maria E. Mancuso, Mariasanta Napolitano, Gianluigi Pasta, Angiola Rocino, on behalf of the MEMO Study Group (Appendix I)
Pages:  66-77
To cite this article:  Blood Transfus 2022; 20: 66-77 DOI 10.2450/2021.0138-21
Doi:  10.2450/2021.0138-21
Published online:  15/10/2021

Regular physical activity can increase joint stability and function, reduce the risk of injury, and improve quality of life of people with haemophilia (PwH). However, a recent review of the literature shows that appropriate physical activity and sport are not always promoted enough in the overall management of PwH. A group of Italian experts in haemophilia care undertook a consensus procedure to provide practical guidance on when and how to recommend physical exercise programmes to PwH in clinical practice. Three main topics were identified –haemophilia and its impact on movement, physical activity recommendations for PwH, and choice and management of sports activity in PwH– and ten statements were formulated. A modified Delphi approach was used to reach a consensus. The group also created practical tools proposing different physical activities and frequencies for different age groups, the Movement Pyramids, to be shared and discussed with patients and caregivers.  In conclusion, in the opinion of the working group, physical activity can be considered as a low-price intervention that can prevent/reduce the occurrence of chronic diseases and should be further encouraged in PwH to obtain multiple physical and psychological benefits. Future research should include prospective studies focusing on participation in sports, specific risk exposure and clinical outcomes.
Keywords: haemophilia, physical activity, sports, recommendations.
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