Blood Transfusion - 4 2017

Cryopreserved packed red blood cells in surgical patients: past, present, and future
 
Authors:  Alex Chang, Young Kim, Richard Hoehn, Peter Jernigan, Timothy Pritts
Pages:  341-347
To cite this article:  Blood Transfus 2017; 15: 341-7
Doi:  10.2450/2016.0083-16
Published online:  08/09/2016

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ABSTRACT
Since the advent of anticoagulation and component storage of human blood products, allogeneic red blood cell transfusion has been one of the most common practices in modern medicine. Efforts to reduce the biochemical effects of storage, collectively known as the red blood cell storage lesion, and prolong the storage duration have led to numerous advancements in erythrocyte storage solutions. Cryopreservation and frozen storage of red blood cells in glycerol have been successfully utilised by many civilian and military institutions worldwide. Through progressive improvements in liquid storage of erythrocytes in novel storage solutions, the logistical need for cryopreserved red blood cells in the civilian setting has diminished. A growing body of current literature is focused on the clinical consequences of packed red blood cell age. Modern cryopreservation techniques show promise as a cost-effective method to ameliorate the negative effect of the red blood cell storage lesion, while meeting the technical and logistical needs of both civilian and military medicine. This review outlines the history of red blood cell cryopreservation, the clinical impact of red cell storage, and highlights the current literature on frozen blood and its impact on modern transfusion.

Keywords: glycerol, frozen blood, cryopreservation, thawed blood, military medicine.
  
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