Blood Transfusion Supplement 3 - Proceedings "Blood Proteomics: applications relevant to Transfusion Medicine" (off subscription) (June)
Deep-coverage rhesus red blood cell proteome: a first comparison with the human and mouse red blood cell
Authors:  Erica M. Pasini, Morten Kirkegaard, Peter Mortensen, Matthias Mann, Alan W. Thomas
Pages:  s126-s139
To cite this article:  Blood Transfus 2010; 8 Suppl 3:s126-s139
Doi:  10.2450/2010.020S
Published online:  10/06/2010

Background. Macaques are the closest evolutionary relatives of humans routinely used in basic and applied biomedical research. Their genetic, physiological, immunological and metabolic similarity to humans, second only to that of the great apes, makes them invaluable models of human disease. These similarities also mean that macaques are often the only experimental models available for evaluating increasingly specific drugs in development, and as a proof-ofconcept bridge can help reduce the numbers of compounds that fail in clinical pharmaceutical research. In vertebrates, red blood cells (RBCs) diseases are frequently severe as their role as sole gas transporter makes them indispensable to survival; much research has therefore focused on an in-depth understanding of the functioning of the RBC. RBCs also host malaria, babesia and other parasites. Recently, we presented an in-depth proteome for the human RBC and a comparative human/mouse RBC proteome.
Material and methods. Here, we present directly comparable data for the human, mouse and rhesus RBC proteomes. All proteins were identified, validated and categorized in terms of sub-cellular localization, protein family and function and, in comparison with the human and mouse RBC, were classified as orthologues, family-related or unique. Splice isoforms were identified and polypeptides migrating with anomalous apparent molecular weights were grouped into putatively ubiquitinylated or partially degraded complexes.
Results and Discussion. Overall there was close concordance between mouse, human and rhesus proteomes, confirming the unexpected RBC complexity. Several novel findings in the human and mouse proteomes have been confirmed here. This comparison sheds light on several open issues in RBC biology and provides a departure point for more comprehensive understanding of RBC function.
Key words: proteomics, red blood cell, rhesus, mouse, human, malaria.
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